건설업 근로자의 직무스트레스가 안전과 경영성과에 미치는 영향

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Enterprises are now being faced with the infinite competitions by the rapid growth and the change of contemporary society. In response, the community requires laborers to make a various challenge and renovation; workers who just maintain daily lives through work

In order to survive from the infinite competitions, the enterprises have been preparing for the future shock from the advanced technology and/or new management philosophy. Enterprises are arranging steady and continuous adjustments to management organization in attempt to prop up with much efforts, such as intensive restructuring.

Amidst daily competitions to survive, workers are exposed to the chronic job stress mainly originating from the insecurity about their jobs and the excessive work load. These factors poses threats to workers' daily health and safety.

Typically, Job stress can be defined as the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements of the job do not match the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker. Job stress can lead to poor health and even injury.

Frequent or prolonged exposures of job stress can be harmful to the individual and may lead to workers developing physical and mental symptoms of stress such as headaches, gastrointestinal disorders, cardiovascular disease, musculoskeletal problems, insomnia, anxiety and depression. So Job stress can adversely affect performance, productivity and safety, all of which are unfavorable for business .

Therefore taking steps to reduce or eliminate job stress makes good business and financial sense. As well as improving the health, safety and welfare of workers, organizations may eliminate job stress makes good business and financial sense. As well as improving the health, safety and welfare of workers, organizations may also benefit from increased efficiency and/or productivity, reduced sickness and absence levels, better staff retention and reduced risk of accidents and injuries.

On this study, we analyze how the workers engaged in the construction field and the factors induced to the job stress affect on the management outcomes referred from various job stress theories.

We surveyed mainly P-construction company's workers. The analysis methods were t-test, analysis of variance, factor analysis, and analysis of multiple linear regression.

The result shows differences between male and female in t-test, the job stress level was lower then standard ones, and the factors that we researched affected on the job stress. In the future study, the standard questionnaire that we used to survey have to be improved.
Alternative Title
The Study of an Analysis on Job Stress of Affecting Safety and Management Performance for workers in the Construction Industry
Alternative Author(s)
Jeong Tae-Hyun
일반대학원 산업안전공학과
일반대학원 산업안전공학과
Awarded Date
Table Of Contents
목 차
제1장 서론 1
제1절 연구 배경 및 목적 1
제2절 연구 방법 및 범위 2

제2장 이론적 배경 및 연구 3
제1절 건설업 현황 및 직무특성에 관한 고찰 3
1. 건설업의 정의와 범위 3
2. 건설업의 현황 및 특성 4
3. 건설현장 및 근로자의 특성 7
제2절 직무스트레스 이론에 관한 고찰 15
1. 인간-환경 적합(Person-Environment Fit) 모델 15
2. Cooper 등의 직무스트레스 모델 17
3. Demand-Control-Support 모델 20
4. NIOSH의 스트레스 모델 22
5. 노력-보상 불균형(Effort-Reward Imbalance, ERI) 모델 25
제3절 국내외 스트레스관련 직업병 발생현황 27
1. 국내 현황 27
2. 영국 32
3. 미국 34
4. 일본 35

제3장 연구 방법 및 계획 37
제1절 연구 대상 및 측정 방법 37
제2절 연구 모형 38
제3절 변수의 선정과 정의 39
1. 일반 특성 변수 39
2. 직무스트레스 유발변수 40
3. 작업안전 변수 42
4. 성격특성 변수 42
5. 건강관련 변수 42
6. 안전·경영성과 관련변수 42
7. 기타변수 42

제4장 연구 분석 및 결과 44
제1절 표본의 일반적 특성 및 직무스트레스 수준 44
1. 표본의 일반적인 특성 44
2. 직무스트레스 수준 56
제2절 집단간 차이 분석 58
제3절 분산분석 64
제4절 요인분석 69
1. 측정의 신뢰성 69
2. 측정의 타당성 72
3. 직무스트레스 유발변수에 대한 요인분석 73
제5절 회귀분석 및 결과해석 79
1. 건강 상태 80
2. 사고 발생 횟수 82
3. 결근율 84
4. 공사일정 관리 86
5. 공사기간 단축 88
6. 하자 재보수율 90

제5장 결 론 93
제1절 연구결과 요약 93
제2절 연구 한계 및 향후 연구과제 95
참고 문헌 97
부 록 99
설 문 지 99
감사의 글 109
조선대학교 대학원
정태현. (2009). 건설업 근로자의 직무스트레스가 안전과 경영성과에 미치는 영향.
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General Graduate School > 4. Theses(Ph.D)
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