치위생 교육에서 문제중심학습의 효과

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Problem-based learning(PBL) is a case-based, self-directed learning method designed to develop critical thinking and problem-solving skill.

Objectives : This study was application and develope of problem-based learning(PBL) suitable for dental hygiene education. The purpose of study was to compared with PBL group and direct instruction group in learning attitude, learning motivation and self-directed learning.

Method : For this study, we sampled 61 dental hygiene students composed of PBL group consisting of 33 students and a direct instruction group consisting of 28 students, Dept of Dental Hygiene, C college.
The period of this study was 2 semester(from March, 2007 to December, 2007). To identify the effect of PBL on learning attitudes, learning motivation, self-directed learning capabilities, and academic achievements of the subjects, we used a t-test and compared pre & post effects of PBL using a paired t-test. we used General Linear Model(GLM) to analyze the effect of PBL on learning attitudes and learning motivation of group.

Result : The results of this study are as fllows
1.PBL group showed better learning attitudes than direct instruction group(p<0.05) and as a result of the GLM, it was found that there was not significant difference in learning attitude between the two groups and statistically significant difference in sub-variables such as learning interest(p<0.05.)
2.PBL group had higher learning motivation than direct instruction group(P<0.05). and as a result of the GLM it was found that there was a significant difference in learning motivation between the two group and statistically significant difference in sub-variables such as attention, relevance and confidence (p<0.05).
3.PBL group had higher self-directed learning capabilities rather than direct instruction group(P<0.05)
4.Academic achievements showed not significant difference in the total scores between the PBL group and direct instruction group(P>0.05). PBL group had higher learning effects and learning process than direct instruction group(P<0.05).

Conclusions : Problem based learning(PBL) for dental hygiene students education was more effective in learning attitude, learning motivation and self-directed learning. therefore this study suggest that PBL contribute to enhancing learning effect through self-directed learning.

Key word : academic achievements, learning attitude,
learning motivation, problem based learning(PBL)
Alternative Title
Effect of problem based learning(PBL) on dental hygiene students education
Alternative Author(s)
Kim seol-hee
조선대학교 대학원 보건학과
일반대학원 보건학과
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Table Of Contents
Abstract ⅴ
Ⅰ. 서 론 1
1. 연구 필요성 1
2. 연구목적 4
3. 용어정의 5
Ⅱ. 이론적 배경 8
1. 문제중심학습 8
2. 학습태도 23
3. 학습동기 24
4. 자기주도적 학습력 26
Ⅲ. 연구대상 및 방법 28
1. 연구대상 28
2. 연구설계 30
3. 연구도구 및 자료수집방법 31
4. 문제중심학습 개발 및 적용 34
5. 분석방법 50
Ⅳ. 연구결과 51
1. 집단별 학습태도 차이 51
2. 집단별 학습동기 차이 56
3. 집단별 자기주도 학습력 차이 62
4. 집단별 학업성취도 차이 63
Ⅵ. 고찰 68
Ⅶ. 결론 88
참고문헌 89
부록 97
김설희. (2009). 치위생 교육에서 문제중심학습의 효과.
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General Graduate School > 4. Theses(Ph.D)
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