우쿨렐레 초급교재의 비교분석
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- In recent years, many schools have been promoting courses in learning to play an instrument. Among these, ukulele courses are gaining popularity in Korea. The ukulele requires chord fingering using just one or two fingers, so one can learn to play in a short period of time, and this instrument itself is relatively easy to play. In addition, it is possible to play music for solo and accompaniment, and that for ensemble as well, so the ukulele can be an extremely useful instrument in musical education.
This study compares and analyzes 8 ukulele textbooks which specify the level of their consumers, a ‘beginner’ or ‘children’, by clearly marking those two words in the preface. In analyzing those textbooks, 3 main focuses have been observed; an aspect of external appearance, a musical aspect as a practice material, and an educational aspect as a teaching method, then several suggestions for overall improvement and development have been considered and stated.
The results of the comparative analysis are as follows:
First, with regard to external appearance, it was discovered that three textbooks consisted of a single volume, four textbooks composed of two volumes, and one textbook composed of three volumes. All eight textbooks begin by presenting the basic concepts and the basic theory of music necessary for playing the ukulele, such as postures or fingering, before introducing various performance techniques and music exercises for practice.
Second, from a musical point of view, all of the textbooks contain songs in C major, F major and A minor, with C major the most common. Four-four time, three-four time and two-four time songs are also listed in all the selected textbooks, with four-four time songs the most common. The genres include children’s songs, foreign musical pieces and foreign folk songs.
In addition, all of the textbooks contain many more exercises for chords than that of melody. C, F, G7, C7, Am, and E7 chords are commonly found in all eight textbooks, and down · up strokes using thumb and forefinger are in all the textbooks except one.
Third, from the educational point of view as a teaching method, while the exercise songs included in all the materials expressed in various ways, the 5-line stave is commonly used in all the teaching materials. When presenting the basic posture for playing the ukulele, 7 of the textbooks demonstrate fingerings, symbols, chord fingering and strokes in actual photographs, while the other textbook is illustrated with pictures.
Based on a comparative analysis of the 8 elementary ukulele textbooks, this study suggests that:
First, Korean traditional music pieces should be included in a beginner ukulele textbook.
Second, recording materials for accompaniment should be produced and distributed.
Last, music for an ensemble genre should be included for the beginner level.
It is hoped that this study implies developmental directions for both teachers and learners, and encourages more research in the filed of teaching materials in the future.
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