치과수복용 CAD/CAM 세라믹/고분자 블록의 기계적 물성

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Mechanical Properties of Ceramic/Polymer Blocks
for CAD/CAM Dental Restoration

Jong Hwan Park
Advisor : Prof. Ko Yeong-Mu D.D.S., Ph.D.
Department of Dentistry,
Graduate School of Chosun University

The goal for restorative dentistry is to replace lost tooth substance by a restorative material whose properties are similar to a natural tooth. The increasing demand for esthetics, combined with health and environmental concerns about some metallic restorations, has stimulated research in metal-free restorations.
For this purpose, CAD/CAM technology has been introduced in dentistry 3 decades ago and is rapidly becoming popular. It reduces the number of clinical sessions and increased quality in a shorter period of time. Furthermore, allows to extend the use of ceramics with life-like appearance, color stability, chemical stability, have good mechanical and optical properties, as well as excellent biocompatibility.
Although ceramics has been widely used for dental CAD/CAM blocks, still experience a relatively high failure rate due to the brittleness. Another potential hazard is excessive wear of the opposing teeth due to the high hardness.
Ceramic/polymer composite blocks, so called resin nanoceramics or hybrid ceramics have recently been introduced to the market. They improved the machinability and edge stability with suppressing the brittleness. They are easier to operate and repair if necessary.
The mechanical properties of two commercially available dental CAD/CAM blocks, Polyglass (Vericom, Korea) and Enamic (Vita, Germany), were investigated in this study. Commercial blocks were cut into (4.0×1.2×17.0) mm to determine the flexural strength with a three-point bending test. The surface microhardness and fracture toughness were also measured. Weibull characteristics and elastic modulus were calculated.
Polyglass consists of irregular-shaped ceramics in an organic resin matrix, while Enamic composes ceramic network infiltrated with cured polymers.
Polyglass showed higher values in flexural strength (132.30±7.04 MPa), Weibull modulus (22.46) and fracture toughness (1.47±0.73 MPa√m) than those of Enamic (113.73±10.93 MPa, 12.72, and 1.21±0.51 MPa√m).
In contrast, Enamic exhibited higher values in elastic modulus (7.0±0.4 GPa) and hardness (2.18±0.52 GPa) than those of Polyglass (5.1±0.8 GPa and 0.86±0.09 GPa).

Keywords : Dental restoration, CAD/CAM, Block, Ceramic, Composite resin,
Strength, Weibull analysis, Fracture toughness, Hardness
Alternative Title
Mechanical Properties of Ceramic/Polymer Blocks for CAD/CAM Dental Restoration
Alternative Author(s)
Park, Jong Hwan
조선대학교 대학원
일반대학원 치의학과
Awarded Date
Table Of Contents
목 차


서 론 1

재료 및 방법 6

(1) 실험재료 6

(2) 실험방법 6

가. 미세구조 관찰 6

나. 굴곡강도 측정 6

다. 와이블 분석 12

라. 탄성율 측정 12

마. 표면미세경도 측정 12

바. 파괴인성 측정 13

사. 통계 분석 13

연구 결과 16

총괄 및 고찰 26

결 론 35

참고문헌 36
조선대학교 대학원
박종환. (2016). 치과수복용 CAD/CAM 세라믹/고분자 블록의 기계적 물성.
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General Graduate School > 4. Theses(Ph.D)
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