Cesar Franck의 Violin Sonata A Major에 대한 연구
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- Franck Violin Sonata
A study on Violin Sonata A Major by Cesar Franck
Oh Nu Ri
Advisor : Prof. Seo Yuong-hwa,
Department of Music,
Graduate School of Chosun University
The objective of this study was to analyze the composition and form of Franck’s Violin Sonata A Major and, by doing so, to understand the composer’s intention more accurately and to play the music more profoundly and effectively.
Franck is a representative French composer belonging to late romanticism, and his music is strongly pious and religious due to his devoted faith. By harmonizing German musical logic and system beautifully with French sense, he made a great contribution to the revival of French music. Violin Sonata A Major, his only violin sonata, is counted as one of the three greatest violin sonatas of romanticism together with the violin sonatas of Beethoven and Brahms. This masterpiece is based on the form of classical sonata and, at the same time, introduced romantic elements. This work consists of four movements, and while each of them is unique the movements are organically interconnected through three cycle motives using the cyclic technique.
The fisrt movement is in the form of a sonatine with the development omitted from the sonata form. In the movement appear cycle motive(A) and cycle motive(B), and its atmosphere is lyric and dreamy. The second movement is in the typical sonata form and is fastest and most passionate among the movements. This movement sustains musical tension and relaxation through the repetition and variation of cycle motives chromatic progression, and continuous key changes. The third movement, which consists of three parts, is an unprecedented original movement, giving a colorful feeling through changing tempo, tonality, and chord. The fourth movement is in the form of rondeau based on contrapuntal structure. This movement uses themes that reproduce and transform the cycle motives and progresses in the canon style in which the violin and the piano develop the themes at a measure’s intervals in the equivalent position. It creates a colorful mood and ambiguous tonality using non harmonic tone, diminished 7th chord, 9th chord, and chromatic scale.
This music, characterized by rich musical sensibility and logical form structure, shows the unique technique of Franck excellent in romantic expression using romantic melodies and harmonious colors based on classic form.
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