최대운동시 농구선수의 무산소성 역치, 혈액성분 및 적혈구의 조직학적 변화에 미치는 영향

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This study was to investigate the effects of maximal exercise on anaerobic threshold, blood components and hematological change of RBC (red blood cell) at pre, post-exercise and recovery stage between basketball players and non-athletics players. Fifteen university basketball players and fifteen collegians were completed 3-min stage graded maximal treadmill exercise with bruce protocol. Bruce protocol was applied to collect the data for the anaerobic threshold. The measurement in this study was pre-exercise, post-exercise and recovery stage. Blood samples were collected at prior, immediately after exercise and recovery 30 min stage. Red blood cell count and hemoglobin were measured by an automatic blood cell counter(Abx Micros 60). Also, Blood cell morphological erythrocyte were evaluated in Wright`s stained blood films and SEM. The numbers of total abnormal erythrocyte in the blood were measured by the direct smear made from light microscope with wright`s staining and screen electron microscope (SEM) and analyzed with image analysis system to make a morphological analysis of the effect of maximal exercise. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS ver 12.0. All data were presented as means ± standard deviation. There was significant differences in anaerobic thresholds measured by AT/time, AT/VO2max, AT/VO2ml/kg·min. Based on the finding of the study, the following conclusion has been obtained. First, the change of blood lactate showed significantly difference between times and groups. Second, the change of RBC and hemoglobin non significantly difference between times and groups. Three, the change of ESR and abnormal erythrocyte showed significantly difference between times and groups. There was significant increase ESR and abnormal erythrocyte at post exercise compared to pre-exercise. Also, there was significant decrease ESR and abnormal erythrocyte at recovery stage compared to post-exercise. Specially, ESR and abnormal erythrocyte value at post-exercise were significantly higher non-basketball players compared to basketball players. In the present results, It can be suggested that acute maximal exercise can influence hematological variables and induce oxidative damage to erythrocyte at non-basketball players compared to basketball players. From the results of the study, maximal exercise influenced individual working ability and efficiency of exercise.
Alternative Title
Effects of Maximal Exercise on Anaerobic Thresold, Blood Components and Hematological Change of RBC in Basketball Player
Alternative Author(s)
Lim, Dal Sik
대학원 체육학
일반대학원 체육학과
Awarded Date
Table Of Contents
영문초록 = ⅳ
Ⅰ. 서론 = 1
1. 연구의 목적 및 필요성 = 1
2. 연구의 가설 = 5
3. 연구의 제한점 = 6
4. 용어의 정의 = 6
Ⅱ. 이론적 배경 = 9
1. 운동과 무산소성 역치 = 9
2. 운동과 혈액 = 12
3. 운동이 혈액학적 빈혈지표에 미치는 영향 = 14
Ⅲ. 연구방법 = 18
1. 연구대상 = 18
2. 실험설계 = 18
3. 운동부하 방법 및 무산소성 역치 측정 = 19
4. 채혈 및 혈액 검사방법 = 21
1) 젖산 농도 = 21
2) 적혈구 수와 Hemoglobin 측정 = 21
3) 적혈구 침강속도(ESR) 측정 = 21
5. 적혈구의 조직형태학적 분석 = 22
1) 광학현미경적 관찰 = 22
2) 주사현미경적 관찰 = 24
6. 자료처리 = 24
IV. 연구결과 = 25
1.무산소성 역치수준 관련변인의 변화 = 25
2.혈중 젖산의 변화 = 26
3.혈중 적혈구수의 변화 = 28
4.혈중 헤모글로빈의 변화 = 29
5.적혈구 침강속도의 변화 = 30
6.이상 적혈구 수의 변화 = 32
V. 논의 = 35
Ⅵ. 결론 = 40
참고문헌 = 42
임달식. (2008). 최대운동시 농구선수의 무산소성 역치, 혈액성분 및 적혈구의 조직학적 변화에 미치는 영향.
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General Graduate School > 4. Theses(Ph.D)
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