서울지역 치과위생사의 근골격계 증상 호소율
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- Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are a major occupational health problem. Dental hygienists frequently complain of musculoskelatal symptoms because of long standing time, the bending of the head and low back, twisting of the wrist, repetitive simple job pattern, inadequate working posture
Therefore, the purpose of this study was to provide musculoskeletal disorders status of dental hygienist in Seoul. The Survey was self-reported questionnaires of 425 dental hygienists that 400 dental association (approximately 10%) in Seoul.
The results are as follows :
1. 38.6% of oral hygienist surveyed had 1~3 years working experience and their frequent work type was treatment assistance with 53.2%
2. 85.6% was complained musculoskeletal symptoms. Shoulder, waist, leg/foot, neck, hand/wrist/finger, arm/elbow symptoms were 72.0%, 65%, 59.7%, 58.8%, 57.2%, 36.2%, respectively.
3. The rate of musculoskeletal pain was increased with years of clinical experience(77.7%, 90.1%, 91.8%)(p<0.05) and also pain of the each part of the body was deepened (p<0.05).
4. Work type was also influenced the pain rate When the oral hygienist did hygienic treatment (scaling etc) and treatment assist, the pain rate was up to 85% and consulting or medical insurance claim was 78%.
5. Pain-lasting time was revealed below a week in week pain and over a month in sever pain(p<0.001).
Based on the study results regarding the prevention of musculoskeletal system disorders in dental hygienists, it is required to recognize the risk of musculoskeletal system disorders and to correct an inadequate working posture. At the same time, we should make efforts to maintain good posture constantly and improve prevention programs.
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