광주.전남 現代詩文學 연구

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A Study on the Modern Poetry in Gwangju and Jeonnam
- From 1960s to 1980s -

Author : Hwang, Ha-Taek
Dept. of Korean Language and Literature
Graduate School of Chosun University
Advisor : Han, Ok-Geun

This study aims to develop a plan on desirable development of local poetic literature, targeting poets from Gwangju and Jeonnam in 1960s, 19700s, and 1980s. Gwangju and Jeonnam have gone through the most serious disturbances and fever in history. In comparison with Yeongnam where academic base is remarkably developed, Gwangju and Jeonnam as a literary mecca has literary factors of poetry everywhere from the beginning as seen from tradition and achievements in literature.
As local literary persons from late 1950s to early 1960s made literary debuts through literary competitions or the recommendation system, poetry circles in Gwangju and Jeonnam had favorable trend, which activated local literature. The expanded base of poetry circles induced high school and college students to have enthusiasm about poetry and local literary circles to have energy.
With April 19 Revolution as a peak, the existing poets or new poets had new desire to write and in particular, new ones tended to represent the existential subject of the 4.19 Revolution.
The 4.19 Revolution which had broken fetters of 1950s was at the political peak in 1960s. Changes were connected with social conditions of disturbances after the Korean War. On December, 1961, the 1st national literature competition for high school students was organized by Chosun University, and the following three students won the prizes: Yoo, Young-Boo (3rd grade of Joseon University Affiliated High School) in novel, Choi, Seong-Il ( 3rd grade of Busan Haedong High School) in poetry, Go Jae-Pil (3rd grade of Gyeongnam High School) and Jo, Young-Sil(1st grade of Supia High School). The competition was replaced by national composition contest named Baekiljang, which made a great contribution to enhanced students' enthusiasm on literature as well as literary exchange between students in other local areas.
In an event to honor the 4.19 in 1961, Gwangjuilbo organized a literary festival at an auditorium of Chonnam Girls' High School where poetry was recited and illustrated poems by the following poets were exhibited: Kim Hyeong-Seung, Huh Yeon, Lee Soo-Bok, Kim Ak, Jeong So-pa, Lee Hae-dong, Lee Hyo-rye, Lee Young-gwon, and Choi, Seung-ho.
In 1960s, many changes happened with many literary activities.
At that time, Yun, Sam-ha, Gwon, Il-song, Jung Gyu-nam, Bum Dae-soon, Kim Jae-hee, Kim Jeong-suk, Jung, Il-jin, Yun, Jong-seok, Choi Gyu-cheol, Kim Song-hee, Kim, Sang-kil, Wei Jeung, Jo Jeong-ja, Kim Seok-tae, Kim Ji-ha, and Kim, Il-ro joined the activities.
In 1970s, a military regime gave much stress on us. Under this situation, poems in Gwangju and Jeonnam internalized their rhythm and senses. At one time, they elaborated their lyricism hiding thunder and lightening that could explode like a live volcano. Literature was pushed by the logic of economic development and neglected. At this time, national literary persons society was organized, which was a chance to develop pure literature and the following poets were engaged in literary activities: Jin, Hun-seong, Yang, Sung-woo, You, Su-chang, Jung, Ryeo-seong, No, Hyang-rim, Guk, Hyo-moon, Oh, Myeong-gyu, Jeon, Won-bum, Jo, Byeong-ki, Jo, Young-hee,Song, Sang-wook, Song, Su-gwon, Lee, Jeong-ryong, Baek, Choo-ja, Choi, Yeon-jong, Choi, Jae-wan, Jung, Eul-sik, Hwang, Kuk-san, Choi, Gyu-cheol, Cha, Eui-seop, Kim, Ji-cheol, Park, Young-june, Park, Sun-bum, Choi, Gyu-chang, and Park, Duk-jung.
In 1980, the most tragic event happened in Gwangju since the Korean War. Poets organized a poetry circle and tried to represent the spirit of literary persons by publishing collections of poetry to let the truth be known. Poetry circles in Gwangju and Jeonnam were full of energy and ambition in 1980s. They showed positive drive to break through pressure of reality in economy. And they represents distress to speak for emotion of the public through language, that is, poetry on labor, national unification, destruction of political and social absurdity, the truth of rural life, the isolated under industrialization and urbanization and being out of the fetters of ideology. The poets who finished military services and made literary debut in 1980s are: Hwang, Ha-taek, Park, Sang-hun, Lee, Lee-haeung, Son, Dong-yeon, Gwak, Jae-gu, Na, Jong-young, Ba다, Woo-seon, Go, Hyeong-ryeol, Na, Hae-chol, Lee, Ji-yeop, Park, Gwi-hye, Kim, Seon-ki, Oh, Jae-dong, Lee, Seong-gwan, Jung, Ki-seok, Hwang, In-tae, Jeon, In-sook, Yun, Gyeong-jung, Park, Rok-dam, Mun, Du-geun, Lee, Chung-ee, Kim, Jeong-sam, Lim, Ji-hyeon, Jung, Hyeong-taek, Cha, Jeong-mi, Song, Myeong-jin, Oh, Ki-il, Lee, Jin-young, Choi, Seung-gwon, Kim Jung, Kim, Ji-won, Min, Gyeong-tae, Park, Sun-kil, Yun, Sang-hee, Joo, Jeong-yeon, Chon, Byeong-tae, Sin, Byeong-eun, Kim, Jeong-sook, Kim, Han-sik, Lee, Seong-hyeok, Lee, O-bong, and Kim- In-seok.
This study examines the characteristics and activities of the poets in each period in detail and the context of modern poetry literature in Gwangju and Jeonnam.
First, modern poetry literature explores traditional emotion through configuration of aboriginality and lyricism - through materials on hometown and childhood -, describes daily life in rural area, identifies original problems in life and provides the source of prosperous life by excavating consciousness on life.
Second, in respect to historical anger and restorative recognition on world - representation of reality of suffering through unusual feelings and vivid languages - modern poetry literature focuses on abstraction of universal tradition of the public at that time through their specific life. It describes nihilism and identification with nature - targeting specific, personal and live encounter rather than abstract encounter, and the place where sorrow and optimism meets. To live is to have repetitive sorrow and optimism. Such feelings are configured through poetry.
This study categorizes the poetry by poets in 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s in Gwangju and Jeonnam into three sectors: configuration of aboriginality and lyricism, historical anger and restorative recognition.
Alternative Title
A study on the poetry of Kwang-ju and cheonnam
Alternative Author(s)
Hwang, Ha Taek
조선대학교 대학원 국어국문
일반대학원 국어국문학과
Awarded Date
Table Of Contents
목 차


제 1 장 서론 1

제 2 장 광주 ․ 전남 지역 시문학 연구의 당위성 5

제 3 장 광주 ․ 전남 60년대 ~ 80년대의 문학사적 특성 8
제 1 절 전통적 소재와 순수서정(1960년대) 8
제 2 절 사회참여와 현실비판(1970년대) 13
제 3 절 민중시와 포스트모더니즘(1980년대) 17

제 4 장 광주 ․ 전남 출신 시인들의 시 세계 22
제 1 절 1960년대 등단한 시인들의 시 세계 25
제 2 절 1970년대 등단한 시인들의 시 세계 71
제 3 절 1980년대 등단한 시인들의 시 세계 103

제 5 장 결 론 133

참 고 문 헌 136
황하택. (2008). 광주.전남 現代詩文學 연구.
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General Graduate School > 4. Theses(Ph.D)
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