스토리텔링을 이용한 집단 미술치료가 아동의 감정표현 향상에 미치는 효과

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The effect on children's relaxation for incapability
symptoms of their emotion expression using group art
therapy with storytelling
- Aiming for children at community children welfare center -
Author : Kim, Jeong Won
Advisor : Yun Gap-Geun
Psychological Art Therapy
Graduate School of Arts and Design Chosun University
This study is intended to find out the influence of in-group art therapy using
a technique called “Storytelling” such as alleviation of alexithymia and improvement
in expression of emotion. The object of study is children at community
child center. Children have basic needs for expressing something
they’ve seen, heard, felt and experienced. In this manner, art activities using
storytelling play a role as medium that children are able to express their
needs and thoughts. Art activity through picture storybook can be the only
useful means of expressing oneself to children who have difficulty in expressing
complex and subtle thoughts, emotions, and concepts as it allows children
to articulate something inside themselves and to grant a form of everything
that children see, feel, think, experience, and imagine.
In substance, children have difficulty in expressing their emotions and needs
as they are in the process of growing physically and mentally. picture storybook
plays a role as medium that stimulates children’s imagination and
interests. They are valuable for expression of children’s emotion and desire.
When listening to picture storybooks, children pursuit a topic, educational meaning, and pleasure that picture storybooks provide. In addition, picture
storybooks arousing emotion and interests make children immersed in imagined
In this perspective, this study has set up research problems to see what effects
art therapy using storytelling has to children.
1. According to the test of expressing emotions, how does a child’s
Alexithymia mitigation effect?
2. How does the in-group art therapeutic program of story telling influence
children’s improvement in expression of emotions?
3. What content does children’s experience in emotional transformation include?
4. What meaning do children find from art therapy of story telling for the
purpose of improving expression of emotions?
5. Based on Erikson’s psychosocial theory, how does group art therapy program
that applied periodically, influence a child’s Alexithymia miting action and
emotional transformation?
This study was proceeded aiming for 6 students in S elementary school of
Gwangyeoksi who are in 1st to4th grade(9years old boy, 9years old girl,
11years old girl) participating in after-school programs. This researcher proceeded
the study and for the objective informational l data was recorded. Top
roof the sematters, program formation and information was all collected from
May 2014 to August 2014 And he study was proceeded for 8 weeks starting
from beginning of September to the end of October. Proceeded program included
before, and after test, which was practiced twice a week, 90minutes
each for 16rounds. Quantitative measurement of Korean Version scale was applied
to measure Alexithymia and qualitative measurement of Star-Wave Art
Test(SWT), Kinetic House Tree Person(KHTP), was applied to observe before
and after emotional expression changes. This researcher an alyzed the datar
ecorded to observe that changes occurred in each child’s applied the rapeutic
picture storybooks.
First, art therapeutic-story telling influenced inadequate effect on defense mechanism alleviation and motivation to mitigate Alexithymia. Self-expression
skills improved, a child with passive attitude and low self-esteem improved
dignity. On this account they expressed their repressed emotions thus
Alexithymia was significantly liberated.
Second, in-group story telling of art therapy does influence in a child’s
emotion expression. Children’s improvements were that they grew a bigger
imagination, capacity of expression also as they improved their presentation
skills, they became more self-confidence person.
Third, as far as kids’ experiences in changes of emotional expression they
have learned to think of others other than themselves also improved their expression
skills. Furthermore, through picture storybooks they naturally built
and learned the skills to be able apply and communicate emotion languages.
Fourth, art therapy-story telling to improve kids expression has a significance
that it uses language to help kids who are struggling with their emotional
expressions and it finds the most suitable picture storybook for kids to
paint and decorate, which ultimately helps those particular children to control
their emotions and improve in self-esteem. This has a value that storytelling
is worth increase of interaction. Fifth, Based on Erikson’s Psychosocial
Theory, this researcher validated that in-group art therapy of story telling
program has influenced a kid’s changes in improvement of emotions and
Through storytelling art therapy that is based on Erikson’s psychosocial development,
child’s trust on others, goal-directed behavior, and even linguistic
competence has been improved. Also, having interactions with their peers not
only had an effect on the aspects of recognition, social development, ability of
self-expression but also alleviated sense of inferiority, low self-regard,
Alexithymia. Therapeutically, child’s aggression and anger had decreased by
expressing repressed emotions. Furthermore, children were able to undergo
purification of emotion by expressing emotions as much as they like through
creative children’s story and art in a safety space. To summarize this research
result, composing group storytelling art therapy program and implementing this program on child in practice is a great help to child for their difficult emotion
Moreover, verifying that utilizing natural language treated child’s psychology
and had positive effects on expressing emotions, Alexithymia have a significant
Alternative Title
The effect on children's relaxation for incapability symptoms of their emotion expression using group art therapy with storytelling
Alternative Author(s)
Kim, Jeong Won
디자인대학원 미술심리치료
Awarded Date
Table Of Contents
제1장. 서 론 1
1-1. 연구의 필요성 1
1-2. 연구의 범위 및 목적 4

제2장. 아동심리의 이론적 배경 5
2-1. 용어의 정의 5
2-2. 스토리텔링과 집단미술치료의 개념 7
2-3. 스토리텔링의 치료적 가치 11
2-4. 감정표현과 감정언어특성 12

제3장. 연구 방법 26
3-1. 연구 대상 26
3-2. 연구 절차 27
3-3. 연구 도구 27
3-4. 스토리텔링 집단미술치료 구성배경 및 목표 31
3-5. 회기별 스토리텔링 집단미술치료 프로그램 32

제4장. 연구결과 42
4-1. 양적 도구 평가 42
4-2. 질적 도구 평가 45
4-3. 아동의 감정표현향상의 변화내용 57
4-4. 스토리텔링을 이용한 집단미술치료가 아동에게 주는 의미 60
4-5. 스토리텔링을 이용한 집단미술치료의 회기별 분석 62

제5장. 논의 100

제6장. 결론 및 제언 104

참고문헌 107

부록 112
김정원. (2014). 스토리텔링을 이용한 집단 미술치료가 아동의 감정표현 향상에 미치는 효과.
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Art, Design, & Physical Education > 3. Theses(Master)
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