임플란트 고정체의 나사산 형태와 하중조건에 따른 응력분석
- Issued Date
- Finite Element Stress Analysis of the Implant Fixture according to the thread configuration and the loading condition
Ahn, Ouk-Ju, D.D.S., M.S.D.
Advisor: Prof. Kang, Dong Wan, D.D.S., M.S.D., Ph.D.
Department of Dentistry,
Graduate School, Chosun University
The purpose of this study was to compare the v-shape thread with the square shape thread of fixture in the view of stress distribution pattern using finite element stress analysis.
The finite element model was designed with the parallel placement of two standard fixtures(4.0 mm diameter × 11.5 mm length) on the region of mandibular 1st and 2nd molars. Three dimensional finite element model was created with the components of the implant and surrounding bone.
This study simulated loads of 200 N at the central fossa in a axial direction (load A), 200 N at the buccal offset load that is 2 mm apart from central fossa in a axial direction (load B), 200 N at the buccal offset load that was 4 mm apart from central fossa in a axial direction (load C). These forces of load A',B',C' were applied to a 15° inward oblique direction at that same site with 200 N. Von Mises stress values were recorded and compared in the supporting bone, fixture, and abutment screw.
The following results have been made based on this study :
1. The highest stress concentration occurred at the cervical region of the implant fixture.
2. Von Mises stress value of off-site region was higher than that of central fossa region.
3. Square shape thread type showed more even stress distribution in the vertical and oblique force than V-shape thread type.
4. Stress distribution was the most effective in the case of buccal offset load (2, 4 mm distance from central fossa) in the square shape thread type.
5. V-shape thread type revealed higher von Mises stress value than square shape thread type in all environmental condition.
The results from numerical analyses concluded that square shape thread type had the lower destructive stress and more stress distribution between the fixture and bone interface than V-shape thread type. Therefore, square shape thread type was regarded as optimal thread configuration in biomechanical concepts.
- Authorize & License
- Files in This Item:
Items in Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.