Ernst H. Gombrich의 회화적 재현론 - 을 중심으로
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- This thesis intended to examine critically Gombrich's theory of art, focusing on the Art and Illusion that is his main work, that is researching and elucidating psychologically a process of pictorial representation and tried to overcome traditional theory of imitation.
Gombrich's theory of representation is opened through the refutation of traditional theory of representation. : Gombrich maintains that representation is not the imitation of external form but image making - as artist's constructive response to stimuli.
Gombrich's theory of representation is based on the theory of perceptual trial and error, 'seeing' is not mere registration of image of stimuli as inductive holds, but trial and error process selecting one interpretation about ambiguous visible world on the basis of knowledge and therefore, there is no clear distinction between 'seeing and 'knowing'.
This theory of perceptual trial and error is founded on Popper's activist epistemology. : Popper criticizes inductive method of passivist epistemology, and process hypothesis-deductive method as alternative.
According to hypothesis-deductive method, our recognition begins with problems, not with observations. We suggest hypothesis as tentative solution to the problem, and hypothesis undergoes critical examination. If the hypothesis does not pass examination, then we have to look for a new hypothesis. If the hypothesis pass, it is accepted as tentative solution until it will be refuted.
This method is on the ground that our knowledge is accumulated by our active generalization, association, classification, not by passive acceptance of sensation experience
To Popper, this method is applied to ordinary life, and therefore, history, succession of human behavior, is understood as succession of problem-solution. Under the influence of this Popper's theory, Gombrich asserts that representation is image making through artist's constructive role and art history is succession of problem-solution.
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