Phytochemical Screening and Biological Studies of Boerhavia Diffusa Linn

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Prakriti Gautam Sandesh Panthi Prashubha Bhandari Jihoon Shin Jin Cheol Yoo
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Boerhavia Diffusa DPPH Qualitative Phytochemical Screening Brine Shrimp Bioassay Antihelminthic Activity
Hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol extracts of whole plant of Boerhavia diffusa were screened for phytochemical and biological activities. Qualitative phytochemical screening via colorimetric method and the quantitative estimation of phenolic and flavonoid content were performed. Antioxidant assay using DPPH scavenging method was studied. Antimicrobial screening of plant extracts was done by cup diffusion technique. Cytotoxic activity of B. diffusa was studied by brine shrimp bioassay and anthelminthic activity was evaluated in vitro in Pheretima posthuma. This study revealed B. diffusa as a source of various phyto-constituents such as alkaloids, glycosides, saponins, tannins, carbohydrates, cardiac glycosides, flavonoids and terpenoids. Quantitative estimation of total phenol was found to be maximum in BEE i.e. $29.73{\pm}0.88$ 수식 이미지, BME $19.8{\pm}2.02$ 수식 이미지 and in BHE $9.15{\pm}0.304mgGAE/g$ 수식 이미지. Similarly, the total flavonoid content was found to be $17.44{\pm}0.75$ 수식 이미지 in BEE, $14.43{\pm}0.23$ 수식 이미지 in BHE and 3.678 mg QE/g in BME. Ethyl acetate extract showed its antibacterial activity against all tested pathogens except Escherichia coli whereas Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella Typhi were resistant to methanol and hexane extract. The zone of inhibition (ZOI) of ethyl acetate extract against S. Typhi and B. cereus was found to be 18 mm and 14 mm respectively. The MIC value of BEE in S. Typhi was $3.125{\mu}g/ml$ 수식 이미지 and in B. cereus was $12.5{\mu}g/ml$ 수식 이미지. The preliminary screening of anticancer property of B. diffusa i.e. BSLT in methanol was found to be $165.19{\mu}g/ml$ 수식 이미지. B. diffusa was also found to contain anthelmintic property. The study helped in further exploration of medicinal properties of B. diffusa by phytochemical screening and biological activities paving the path for study and investigation in this plant.
조선대학교 기초과학연구원
Prakriti Gautam. (2016). Phytochemical Screening and Biological Studies of Boerhavia Diffusa Linn, 조선자연과학논문집 | Vol.9, No.1 p.72 ~ p.79
Laboratory article
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2016 > Vol.9, No.1
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