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주식회사의 사외이사제도의 문제점과 개선방안에 관한 연구

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Author(s)
권상로
Issued Date
2020
Keyword
기업지배구조 이사회 이사 사외이사 사외이사의 보수 사외이사의 책임 corporate governance structure the board of directors director outside director remunerations of outside director outside director s responsibility
Abstract
경영진에 대한 효과적인 통제를 위하여 사외이사제도를 도입하였다. 그러나 사외이사는 도입 취지를 살리지 못하고 이사회에서 거수기 역할만 한다는 비난을 받고 있다. 이러한 우리나라의 사외이사제도의 문제점을 해결하기 위한 방안은 다음과 같다. 우리나라에서는 근로자대표 또는 소수주주가 추천한 자를 사외이사로 선임하는 것을 의무화하자는 주장이 있지만 우리나라 상법에 의하면 사외이사의 선임은 주주총회의 전속적 권한에 속하며 근로자대표는 경영의 주체로 볼 수 없기 때문에 근로자대표에게 사외이사 추천권을 부여하는 하는 것은 허용될 수 없으며 소수주주에게 사외이사 추천권을 부여한다면 헌법상의 평등원칙에 위배될 소지가 있다고 본다. 사외이사의 임기를 획일적으로 6년으로 제한하는 법개정이 이루어졌는데 이는 기업의 사적자치와 헌법상 보장되고 있는 직업선택의 자유를 침해할 수 있다는 문제점이 있기 때문에 재고할 필요가 있다. 한국상장사협의회가 운영하는 사외이사인력뱅크와 같은 인력풀의 수가 더욱 확대되어야 하며 이러한 인력풀의 운영단체가 사명감과 책임감을 가지고 후보들의 자질을 확실하게 검증하여야 한다. 사외이사의 보수 수준은 사외이사의 직무와 회사의 경제상태, 성과나 영업수익을 고려해서 종합적으로 결정되어야 한다. 금융회사 경영진의 직·간접적인 영향력을 받아 사외이사가 선임되는 것을 차단할 수 있는 사외이사 후보 추천 절차를 마련하여야 하며 임원 후보 추천 과정을 투명하게 공개하여야 한다. 그리고 임원후보추천위원회의 구성에 있어서 사내이사의 영향력을 배제하기 위해서 사외이사의 비중을 높일 필요가 있다. 사외이사들은 경영진으로부터 독립적인 위치에 있기 때문에 경영진의 위법·부당한 업무수행에 대하여 지적하고 객관적이고 다양한 의견을 제시하며 시정 요구를 할 수 있으므로 감사위원회는 전원 사외이사로 구성하도록 의무화하여야 한다.
Korea recognized the presence of the problem of an irrational corporate governance structure in Korea through the experience of the foreign currency crisis around 1997, and has pursued efforts to improve the corporate governance structure on the basis of diversified discussions. As a part of the solution, the outside director system was introduced with the aim of effective control of the management. However, the outside directors are being criticized for playing only the role of 'yes men' in the meetings of the board of directors, thereby failing to adhere to and fulfill the intent of the system's introduction. Review of the legal system on the outside director system is necessary to solve such problems in the outside director system in Korea. It was possible to arrive at the following conclusions on the basis of the aforementioned discussions. First, although there are opinions regarding the mandatory appointment of those recommended by the representatives of the workers or minor stockholders as outside directors in Korea, appointment of the outside director is one of the exclusive rights of the general meeting of the stockholders and the representative of the workers cannot be viewed as a principal of management in accordance with commercial law of Korea. As such, granting the right to recommend a outside director to the representative of workers cannot be allowed and granting the right to recommend a outside director to minor stockholders has the possibility of violating the principle of equality under the constitution. Second, revision of the law that uniformly limits the terms of the office of the outside director to six years has been made. However, there is a need to reconsider this revision since there is the issue of the possibility of infringing the freedom of occupational choice guaranteed under the constitution as well as the private autonomy of corporations. Third, the size of the manpower pool, such as a manpower bank for outside directors operated by the Korean Listed Companies Association, needs to be further expanded, and the organizations that operate such a manpower pool must definitively verify the qualifications of the candidates with a sense of mission and responsibility. Fourth, the level of remunerations to be paid to the outside directors must be determined comprehensively by considering the duties of the outside directors, financial situation, performances, or operating profits of the company. Fifth, it is necessary to establish the procedure for recommendation of candidates for outside director that can prevent appointment of the outside director due to direct and indirect influences of the management of financial companies and to transparently disclose the process of recommending the candidates for executive positions. Moreover, it is necessary to increase the proportion of the outside director to exclude the influence of the executive directors in the composition of the committee on the recommendation of the candidates for executive positions. Sixth, since the outside directors have status that is independent of the management, they are able to present objective and diversified opinions by pointing out the illegal and unjust execution of work by the management, and demand rectifications thereof. Therefore, it must be mandatory to compose the audit committee entirely with outside directors.
Alternative Title
Study on the Problems of the Outside Director System of Incorporate Companies and the Means of Improvement Thereof
Alternative Author(s)
Kwon, Sang-Ro
Publisher
조선대학교 법학연구원
Citation
권상로. (2020). 주식회사의 사외이사제도의 문제점과 개선방안에 관한 연구, 법학논총 | Vol.27, No.2 p.173 ~ p.198
Type
Laboratory article
ISSN
1738-1363
URI
https://oak.chosun.ac.kr/handle/2020.oak/16941
http://www.chosun.ac.kr/user/indexMain.do?siteId=law
Appears in Collections:
2020 > Vol.27, No.2
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