영어의 파생어 강세에 관한 제약기반 이론적 접근

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The aim of this thesis is to explain variable patterns of English stress by means of a single grammar system, which is based on a constraint-based theory. In morphology, the transformation of words are motivated by the creation of new words, which is done by adding affixes or other words. This is why the stress assignment of a derived word is sometimes differentiated from its root word. In the assignment of stress on derived words, many cases are transparent, which means it is predicted by the basic stress rule of English. However, there are not a few exceptions, which are regarded as opaque. This opaqueness of stress assignment is incorporated to a single grammar in this thesis.
Following Strauss(1982b), English suffixes are classified into Class I and Class II suffixes depending on whether they are stress-sensitive or stress-neutral. Basically, Class I suffixes are attached before Class II ones are. However, it is not the case that all the Class I affixes follow the basic stress rule of English. The exceptional patterns have been accounted for by different rules in the rule-based generative grammar.
This thesis attempts to explain the variable patterns of English in the framework of Optimality Theory (Prince & Smolensky 1993/2004). For this purpose, the basic concepts and structures of the theory are presented, which is followed by specific constraints and their ranking. Moreover, English suffixes are classified into 4 groups depending on their characteristics about stress patterns. Different alignment constraints are proposed and ranked to cover the various patterns. This way, the unified grammar covers the seemingly exceptional patterns, as well as the basic pattern of English stress. Ultimately, this constraint-based grammar incorporates the opaque cases into the single grammar system. For now, some exceptions still remain unexplained, which will be explained by follow-up studies in the future.
Alternative Title
A Constraint-based Approach to Derived Word Stress in English
Alternative Author(s)
Kim Hwa Bong
일반대학원 영어영문학과
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Table Of Contents

제 1 장 서 론 1

제 2 장 영어 강세의 음운론과 형태론 5
2.1 강세 5
2.1.1 강세의 개념과 특징 5
2.1.2 강세와 음절무게 7
2.2 음보 9
2.2.1 음보의 개념 9
2.2.2 음보의 유형 10
2.3 파생어의 형태론적 구조 11
2.3.1 접미사와 강세 12

제 3 장 영어 강세의 SPE 분석과 OT 분석 15
3.1 SPE 이론 15
3.1.1 SPE와 강세 15
3.2 OT 이론 20
3.2.1 OT의 출현배경 20
3.2.2 OT의 개념 22
3.2.3 OT관련 제약들 25
3.2.4 강세와 제약 적용 28

제 4 장 영어 파생어 강세의 OT 분석 32
4.1 강세유형에 따른 접미사 분류 32
4.2. 파생어 강세 분석 35
4.2.1 음절구조와 음보구조 관련 제약 35
4.2.2 주강세 위치 결정 제약 36
4.3 접미사 유형에 따른 강세 분석 38

제 5 장 결 론 44

참 고 문 헌 48
조선대학교 대학원
김화봉. (2014). 영어의 파생어 강세에 관한 제약기반 이론적 접근.
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General Graduate School > 3. Theses(Master)
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