영성과 마음챙김이 심리적 대처와 건강라이프스타일에 미치는 영향

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In modern life, stress is an inevitable phenomenon. As individual person overcome the stress from the different methods, among those, one of the important method to surmount the stress is spirituality.
People with high spirituality makes proper use of cognitive emotion regulation strategy like active coping. In this paper, we investigated that the higher spiritual ability to cope with stress would increase people to have a more healthy lifestyle and we made the hypothesis based on these aspects in this study.
We want to examine the relevance of the relationship between spirituality and stress coping strategies and explore how the cultural differences in Chinese and Korean culture affect the healthy lifestyle of people.
People with high spirituality and high cognitive stress coping strategies 're taking a healthier lifestyle and can improve the public health. Conversely, people with low spirituality is often take a way of emotional coping like eating or taking alcohol, tobacco blooms which is unhealthy behaviors. To inhibit the action of these ill-health behavior, we need to increase people's spirituality and find out the importance of spirituality in people’s daily life to overcome the stress.
In this study, we investigated how the Korean-Chinese cultural differences and cognitive emotion regulation influence the spirituality and stress coping strategies, South Korean and Chinese social system, consciousness shapes, and values are very different. There are many cultural differences. Korean’s seems to be individualism where as Chinese are more collectivism. Chinese tourists look at most of which are organized into a group to gathered , but Korean seems to have more backpacking tour alone . In addition, people in China go out in the park in the morning, to do some sports or Tai Chi but in Korea, people will go to the mountains or walking out alone . Like this, the people of China and South Korea have many cultural differences , and these differences shows the level of people's spirituality and stress coping strategies . In this paper, we will study these differences and discuss how people cope with the stress based on their culture.
There is a growing interest in definitional distinguish between spirituality and religiousness. Religiousness is often regarded as authoritarian and directive. By contrast, spirituality is associated with personal tolerance and openness to social and cultural experience(Kalkstein, 2006). In general, religiousness is associated with an identifiable group of people (Christians, Muslims, and Jews, etc.) who search collectively for feelings or perceptions that transcend material reality, and it consists of adherence to a (series of) doctrine and specified ritual practices (Johnson et al., 2004). Spirituality is different in its emphasis on experience of a personal relationship with God or a higher power, and on feelings of love, gratitude and mercy(Emmons and McCullough 2003; Underwood, 2005).
The definition of spirituality is love and the ability to connect with others through the love. Spirituality is the search for the existence of man and the universe, and man's relationship with the sacred power of that belief. Spirituality is playing an important role in overcoming stress. When there is a painful time for the ultimate meaning and purpose of life, the power to seek spirituality can be called.
Spirituality refers to an attempt to understand the meaning and purpose of life; it may or may not involve organized religion and it may or may not involve a belief in a higher being. The relationship between spirituality and health care has been receiving increasing attention recently.
Spirituality also have some connection with Mindfulness. The term "mindfulness" is derived from the Pali-term sati, and its Sanskrit equivalent smṛti, which can also be translated as "awareness", "retention" and "memory". Mindfulness practice, is being employed in psychology to alleviate a variety of mental and physical conditions, including obsessive-compulsive disorder, anxiety, and in the prevention of relapse in depression and drug addiction.
In the present discussion, we a) survey literature pertaining to stress, spirituality, and affective well-being, b) review of coping model proposed by Park (2005) in which spirituality can be examined, and c) present data examining stress and differing types of spirituality as potential influences on affective outcomes.
However, only few studies, have examined the relationship between spirituality and health lifestyle. So in this study, we investigated the spirituality in Korea and China and how the spirituality helps the world's population to provide a healthy lifestyle, which is the marketing implications of this study.
Alternative Title
The Effect of Spirituality and Mindfulness on Psychological Coping and Health-Lifestyle : Focused on the Moderating Effects of CERQ
Alternative Author(s)
일반대학원 경영학과
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Table Of Contents
목 차


제1장 서 론 1
제1절 연구배경 및 연구목적 1
1. 연구배경 1
2. 연구목적 3
제2절 연구방법 및 구성 4

제2장 이론적 배경 6
제1절 영성과 마음챙김의 개념 및 특성 6
1. 영성의 개념 및 특성 6
2. 마음챙김의 개념 및 특성 14
3. 영성과 마음챙김이 스트레스 대처방식에 미치는 영향 19
제2절 스트레스 대처 22
1. 스트레스의 개념 및 유형 22
2. 스트레스 대처의 관련연구 25
제3절 건강라이프스타일 26
1. 건강라이프스타일의 개념 26
2. 건강라이프스타일의 영향 요인 27
제4절 CERQ의 조절적 역할 28
1. CERQ의 개념 및 유형 28
2. CERQ의 조절적 역할 31

제3장 연구의 설계 33
제1절 연구모형 및 가설의 설정 33
1. 연구모형 33
2. 가설의 설정 34
제2절 조사개요 및 변수의 조작적 정의 37
1. 조사개요 37
2. 변수의 측정 37

제4장 연구결과 40
제1절 조사대상자의 인구통계학적 특성 40
제2절 측정도구의 신뢰성 및 타당성 검증 42
제3절 가설검증 44
1. 영성이 스트레스 대처에 미치는 영향 44
2. 마음챙김이 스트레스 대처에 미치는 영향 47
3. 스트레스 대처방식이 건강라이프스타일에 미치는 영향 50

제5장 결 론 52
제1절 연구결과 요약 52
제2절 연구의 시사점 53
제3절 연구의 한계점 54

참고문헌 55
설문지 64
조선대학교 대학원
단영걸. (2014). 영성과 마음챙김이 심리적 대처와 건강라이프스타일에 미치는 영향.
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