중학교 음악수업에서 협동학습을 통한 자기효능감 연구
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- The goal of this research is to improve self-efficiency between students through positive interaction. We investigated the effects of self-efficiency through cooperative learning in music class for this concrete subject.
We examined theoretically the notion of self-efficiency, the origin of self-efficiency, and the effects of self-efficiency through studying music. We also examined the notion of studying cooperatively, the features of studying cooperatively, the educational effects and considerations of studying cooperatively, the ability to apply these considerations while studying cooperatively, and the need to study cooperatively in music class.
We inferred that the origin of self-efficiency is formed by four principal reasons which are the experiences of success, indirect experiences, linguistic persuasion and sentimental awakening.
By applying Bandura's social recognition theory, we confirmed the possibility that students change their quality of life and their thoughts more creatively through self-efficiency, which is an important notion for mental health.
Music education is an encapsulated aesthetic experience. It improves individuals' musical ability and helps them develop a profound musical nature. Therefore, how various kind of musical pieces and musical activities are furnished is very important. However there are limited musical activities for students and they have different musical abilities. To solve this problem, creative activities and a cooperative learning system, such as small group activities and studying in large group, should be applied to music education.
We researched possible a system of studying to embody different methods of cooperation in music education. The goals and expectations of musical education can be reached more easily through active cooperation. Accordingly, teachers have to consider and engage students in studying cooperatively. Also, they must guide students to participate in group activities to enable students to be more proactive.
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