중세국어 유성마찰음의 변천과 방언분화

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The Change of the voiced frictional sound in Middle Korean Language and the Differentiation of the Dialect
- Based on /ㅸ/ and /ㅿ/ -

Jang Unhye
Advicer: Prof. Kang Huisuk
Major in Korean Language Education
Graduate School of Education. Chosun University

The studies on the consonant phoneme, /ㅸ/, /ㅿ/ of the middle Korean language have usually been made based on the issue of their phonetic value and qualification as a phoneme. As a result of it, the general opinion is that the phonetic value of /ㅸ/, /ㅿ/ is the voiced frictional sound and the real phoneme as the independent and qualified one. However the letters that marked them disappeared so there have been other opinions incessantly. Owing to this, the studies on /ㅸ/, /ㅿ/ gradually have been expended to that on dialect which reflects these two phonemes. The purpose of this study is to research the reflection of these in six dialects of northwest, northeast, southwest, southeast, middle area, and Jeju province based on the opinion that they had the phonetic value with the voiced frictional sound of /β/, /z/ as an independent one rather reargue the qualification of its phoneme or phonetic value.
As the subject of vocabularies for this study, I used those in 'yongbieocheonga', 'seokbosangjeol', and 'wolincheongangjigok', in which the phoneme of /ㅸ/, /ㅿ/ are existent. Generally /ㅸ/, /ㅿ/ changed to /w/, /∅/ in the middle area. However as the result of researching sub-area of dialect in Korean language, I could see that /ㅸ/ was sometimes reflected as /w/, /ㅂ/ and /ㅿ/ was reflected as /ㅅ/, /ㅈ/ according to the area. I could guess that this kind of differentiation was in all the areas except Jeju province with similarity as well as the reflection aspect of /ㅸ/, /ㅿ/. That is to say, /ㅸ/ became /w/ and /ㅿ/ became /∅/ in the dialects of northwest and middle area, /ㅸ/ became /ㅂ/ and /ㅿ/ became /ㅅ/ in southwest, southeast, and northeast, and /ㅸ/ became /w/ and /ㅿ/ became /ㅅ/ in Jeju province. The thing /ㅸ/, /ㅿ/ were changed to various forms means that these two phonemes were the independent ones not the allophone of /ㅂ/, /ㅅ/. That is to say, if there were /ㅸ/, /ㅿ/ as allophone, it had to be changed with the same as /ㅂ/, /ㅅ/ by combining them. But the change of /ㅸ/, /ㅿ/ reflects other form in sub-area of Korean dialects. And also in the case of /ㅸ/, /ㅿ/, each of them was differentiated as /ㅸ/ to /w/ and /ㅂ/, and /ㅿ/ to /∅/, /ㅅ/, and /ㅈ/. I think this fact also can be an important basis to understand that /ㅸ/ and /ㅿ/ were the independent phonemes.
교육대학원 국어교육
Awarded Date
2008. 2
Table Of Contents
목 차


1. 서론 1
1.1. 연구 목적 2
1.2. 연구 대상과 방법 2
1.3. 연구사 검토 5
1.3.1. 음가에 대한 논의 5
1.3.2. 표기 및 음소 자질에 대한 논의 7
1.3.3. /ㅸ/와 /ㅿ/의 방언 연구 9

2. /ㅸ/와 /ㅿ/의 음가 및 형태음운론적 분포 10
2.1. /ㅸ/ 10
2.1.1. /ㅸ/의 음가 10
2.1.2. /ㅸ/의 형태음운론적 분포 12
2.2. /ㅿ/ 17
2.2.1. /ㅿ/의 음가 18
2.2.2. /ㅿ/의 형태음운론적 분포 19

3. /ㅸ/와 /ㅿ/의 변천과 방언 분화 24
3.1. /ㅸ/와 /ㅿ/의 변천 과정 24
3.1.1. /ㅸ/의 변천 과정 24
3.1.2. /ㅿ/의 변천 과정 27
3.2. /ㅸ/와 /ㅿ/의 공시적 반영 및 방언 분화 29
3.2.1. /ㅸ/의 공시적 반영 양상 30
3.2.2. /ㅿ/의 공시적 반영 양상 44

4. 결론 56


표 목 차

/ㅸ/와 /ㅂ/의 형태 음운론적 분포 16

/ㅸ/의 반영 양상 30

서남․동남․중부방언에서의 /ㅸ/의 반영 양상 38

/ㅿ/의 반영 양상 45

국어의 하위 방언권에서 /ㅸ/와 /ㅿ/의 반영 양상 57
장운혜. (2007). 중세국어 유성마찰음의 변천과 방언분화
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Education > Theses(Master)(교육대학원)
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