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중학생이 지각한 부모의 양육태도와 자아정체감과의 관계

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Author(s)
방명진
Issued Date
2006
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between parental fostering attitude perceived by middle school students and their ego-identity by observing the influence of parental fostering attitude on the ego-identity of middle school students as adolescents. Sex, parents' educational background, and the state of employment of mother were investigated as demographical variables to determine if there were significant differences in parental fostering attitude and students' ego-identity by the demographical variables, correlation among sex, parental fostering attitude, and students' ego-identity.
A survey was conducted with ninth-graders from a middle school in Gwangju in November and December in 2005; then, a total of 499 questionnaires were analyzed. The analysis was performed using the SAS Package Program. Reliability of the scale was determined by Cronbach α coefficient, along with such concrete analysis methods as frequency, percentage, the mean, standard deviation, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Duncan's multiple regression analysis.
This study can be summarized as follows:
First, students had positive(affectionate, autonomous, achievement-oriented
rational)perception of parental fostering attitude and the positive ego-identity.
Second, female students had more positive perception of parents' affectionate, autonomous, and rational fostering attitude than male students did. Parents' educational background or the state of employment of mother had no significant influence on fostering attitude.
Third, female students showed a higher rate of general ego-identity development, intimacy, and self-acceptance than male students did. Father's educational background had no significant influence on students' ego-identity while students whose mother was a college graduate showed the higher rate of initiative, one of the ego-identity factors. As for students' ego-identity by the state of employment of mother, students whose mother was a house-maker showed the higher rate of self-acceptance and intimacy, one of the ego-identity factors.
Fourth, there was so strong correlation among sex, parental fostering attitude, and students' ego-identity. Father's fostering attitude had no influence on the general ego-identity for both male students and female students but affected each of its factors. Mother's fostering attitude affected the achievement-oriented attitude in the general ego-identity for both male students and female students and also had significant influence on each of its factors.
On the basis of these results, the following suggestions are made.
Future studies on variables affecting formation of the ego-identity for adolescents need to conduct wide-ranging sampling to make a comparative research by developmental stages and regions and investigate parents and children separately to examine fostering attitude perceived by parents and felt by children. It is also necessary to expand the range of variables to include such socio-cultural variables as school life, peer relations, and the mass media.
Alternative Title
The Relationship between Parental Fostering Attitude Perceived by Middle School Students and their Ego-Identity.
Alternative Author(s)
Bang, Myoung- Jin
Affiliation
조선대학교 교육대학원
Department
교육대학원 기술가정교육
Advisor
한경순
Awarded Date
2006. 8
Table Of Contents
ABSTRACT = ⅴ
I. 서론 = 1
1. 연구의 필요성 및 의의 = 1
II. 이론적 배경 = 4
1. 부모의 양육태도 = 4
1) 양육태도의 개념과 양육태도에 영향을 주는 요인 = 4
2) 양육태도의 유형 = 6
2. 자아정체감 = 11
1) 자아정체감의 개념 = 11
2) 자아정체감의 발달 = 14
3) 중학생의 자아정체감의 특징 = 15
3. 부모의 양육태도와 자아정체감의 관계 = 17
III. 연구방법 = 19
1. 조사대상 = 19
2. 조사도구 = 20
1) 부모의 양육태도 척도 = 20
2) 자아정체감 척도 = 21
3. 연구절차 = 23
1) 예비조사 = 23
2) 본 조사 = 23
4. 자료 분석 = 24
IV. 연구결과 = 24
1. 부모의 양육태도와 자아정체감의 일반적인 경향 = 24
1) 부모의 양육태도의 일반적 경향 = 24
2) 자아정체감의 일반적 경향 = 26
2. 인구학적 변인에 따른 부모의 양육태도 = 26
1) 조사 대상자의 성별에 따른 부모의 양육태도 = 26
2) 부모의 학력에 따른 양육태도 = 28
3) 어머니의 취업여부에 따른 양육태도 = 29
3. 인구학적 변인에 따른 자아정체감의 차이 = 31
1) 조사 대상자의 성별에 따른 자아정체감 = 31
2) 부모의 학력에 따른 자아정체감 = 33
3) 어머니 취업여부에 따른 자아정체감 = 34
4. 조사 대상자의 성별, 부모의 양육태도와 자녀의 자아정체감과의 관계 및 영향 = 36
1) 조사 대상자의 성별, 부모의 양육태도와 자아정체감과의 상관관계 = 36
(1) 남학생과 여학생의 아버지 양육태도와 자아정체감과의 상관관계 = 36
(2) 남학생과 여학생의 어머니 양육태도와 자아정체감과의 상관관계 = 38
2) 부모의 양육태도가 조사 대상자 성별에 따라 자아정체감에 미치는 영향 = 40
(1) 아버지의 양육태도가 조사 대상자 성별의 자아정체감에 미치는 영향 = 40
(2) 어머니의 양육태도가 조사 대상자 성별의 자아정체감에 미치는 영향 = 43
V. 결론 및 제언 = 45
[참고문헌] = 51
부록 = 56
Degree
Master
Publisher
조선대학교 교육대학원
Citation
방명진. (2006). 중학생이 지각한 부모의 양육태도와 자아정체감과의 관계
Type
Dissertation
URI
https://oak.chosun.ac.kr/handle/2020.oak/4570
http://chosun.dcollection.net/common/orgView/200000233191
Appears in Collections:
Education > Theses(Master)(교육대학원)
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