지역 간 성인의 구강건강행태 및 구강건강상태 비교
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The Association of the Oral Health Behavior and
the Oral Health Status with Residential Area
in Korean Adults : based on 2012 KNHANES data
Advisor: Choi, Seong-Woo, M.D., Ph.D.
Department of Public Health,
Graduate School of Health Science, Chosun University
Purpose: This study aimed to identify and compare the oral health behavior in adults and their oral health status according to their residential area with demographical characteristics, general health characteristics and oral health characteristics.
Methods: Primitive data from the 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey was used, and the subjects for this study were adults over the age of 18 who participated in interviews with the use of a questionnaire and oral examinations. Of those, 4,273 who met all the variables necessary were selected for the final analysis. The residential areas were categorized into 'metropolitan city', 'city', and 'rural area' based on Dong, Eup and Myon as administrative districts.
Results: The results are oral health behavior, the odds ratio for self-recognition of oral health status for subjects in rural areas was 0.75(0.59-0.96). The odds ratio for using oral hygiene devices for those in rural areas was 0.75(0.63-0.88). After revised(ModelⅠ), the odds ratio for periodontal disease in the subjects in cities was 1.43(1.15-1.77), and that for the subjects in rural areas was 1.96(1.61-2.38). The odds ratio for the necessity of prosthetic treatment in subjects in rural areas was 1.30(1.03-1.63). After all revised (Model Ⅱ), the odds ratio for periodontal disease in the subjects in urban areas was 1.42(1.14-1.76), and that of subjects in rural areas was 1.97(1.62-2.41). The odds ratio for the necessity of prosthetic treatment in subjects in rural areas was 1.27(1.01-1.60).
Conclusion: It was discovered that there was a difference between the oral health behavior and oral health status of adults according to residential area. Therefore, to enhance oral health status, programs for which the characteristics of areas with such differences were considered should be developed and consistent research on strategies to reduce the gaps in the oral health status should be made.
key word: Oral Health Behavior, Oral Health Status, Residential Area, Adults
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