일부 대학생에서 A형간염 예방접종 실태 및 관련 요인
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Hepatitis A vaccination status and
related factors among some college students
Baek, Jae Seong
Advisor : Prof. Han, Mi Ah Ph. D.
Department of Medicine,
Graduate School of Chosun University
Purpose: Hepatitis A is an acute infectious disease of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus. The purpose of this study was to investigate the hepatitis A vaccination rate of university students and the intention affecting vaccination, and thus find the current conditions and relevant factors of university students' hepatitis A vaccination.
Methods: The study subjects were 505 students conveniently sampled from C university located in one district of Jeollanamdo, who fully understood the study purpose and revealed their intention of participating in this study. The data collection period was between Oct. 1 and Oct. 31. This researcher directly met students, explained the study points and purpose and then gained consent from the students for self-administered questionnaire survey. This researcher directly distributed questionnaire copies to each student and collected them after their filling in the self-administered questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed by SAS program. The general characteristics of the study subjects and the state of their vaccination of hepatitis A were analyzed by the calculation of frequency and percentage. Chi-square test and multiple logistic regression analyses were used to file the factors affecting
Results: Of 505 study subjects, 65 respondents (12.9%) said 'vaccination' of hepatitis A, 207 (40.1%) 'non-vaccination', and 233(46.1%) 'I have no idea'. When it comes to the relations between their general characteristics and hepatitis A vaccination, sex, major, school year, family history of epilepsy, and whether or not medical checkup showed significant differences. When it comes to the relations between their general characteristics and their intention of hepatitis A vaccination, school year, one-month pockety money, residential type, personal insurance, awareness of hepatitis A, awareness of vaccination, sensitiveness of virus, severity, and exposure after vaccination showed significant differences.
Conclusions: The hepatitis A vaccination rate was found to be low. If an antibody against hepatitis A is not found, it is necessary to educate the need for vaccination and recommend hepatitis A vaccination. In addition, to raise young adults' awareness of hepatitis A and increase the vaccination rate, it is necessary to perform statistical survey on a vaccination rate and an antibody formation rate by age with nationwide young adults.
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