미용사의 근골격계질환 예방을 위한 운동행위 예측
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- This study aims to present basic data that contribute to health promotion of hair dressers and identify factors that influence hair dressers' intention ofexercise participation and practice for prevention of their musculoskeletal disorders. For the purpose, 260 hair dressers who live in Gwangju were interviewed using questionnaire containing free response questions from June 5 to 12, 2004. The results are presented as follows:
1. It was reported that 36.2% of the subjects interviewed exercised for prevention of the musculoskeletal disorders, and 83.1% showed intention to participate in exercise in the future.
2. When the factors that influence exercise practice of hair dressers were examined, the following results were observed: the exercise practice of the group with musculorskeletal disorders was 3.16 times higher (95% reliability 1.35~7.38) than that of the group without disorder; the exercise practice of the group who had advice from doctors was 3.69 times higher (95% reliability 1.78~7.65) than that of the group without advice; the exercise practice of the group who was ever informed of the musculorskeletal disorder from TV or radio was 2.51 times higher (95% reliability 1.26~4.97) than that of the group without any information; as self-efficacy was higher, the intersectional rate of exercise practice was 1.05 times higher(95% reliability 1.00~1.09) and as the perceived barrier index of exercise was higher, the intersectional rate was 0.83 times lower (95% reliability 0.76~0.91).
3. When the factors in respect to exercise participation intention of hair dressers were examined, the following results were observed; the intention of the group with musculorskeletal disorders was 3.64 times higher (95% reliability 1.62~8.16) than that of the group without the disorder; as the concept on health was positive, the intersectional rate was 1.14 times higher (95% reliability 1.03~1.25); and the perceived benefit of exercise was higher, the intersectional rate was 1.16 time higher (95% reliability 1.04~1.29).
Finally, it was demonstrated that the exercise practice and participation intention of hair dressers for prevention of musculorskeletal disorder were influenced by various factors such as self-efficacy, benefit of exercise, positive concept on health, advice from doctors, information from TV or radios and presence or absence of symptoms. Therefore, it was concluded that if the concept on health of hair dressers is positively maintained, self-efficacy is encouraged, and appropriate information through doctors or broadcasting media is provided, the rate of exercise practice will be improved.
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