CHOSUN

중소도시 청년들의 창업의지에 관한 연구

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Author(s)
최창용
Issued Date
2020
Keyword
창업의지 도전의지 호기심 창업교육경험 기업가정신교육 사회자본 긍정적심리자본
Abstract
중소도시 청년들의 창업의지에 관한 연구
-사회적자본과 긍정심리자본의 매개효과를 중심으로-
최창용
지도교수: 주경희 박사
융복합기술창업학과
조선대학교 산업기술융합대학원

이 연구의 목적은 중소도시의 젊은이들이 사회자본, 호기심, 창업교육 경험 등이 긍정적, 긍정적 심리자본에 미치는 영향을 조사하고, 사회적 자본과 긍정적 심리자본이 창업의 의도에 어떤 영향을 미치는지에 대해 추가적으로 조사하는 것이다. 연구 검증 결과는 다음과 같다.
첫째, 도전 의식이 사회적 자본에 긍정적인 영향을 끼쳤다. 둘째, 도전감은 긍정적인 심리적 자본에 상당한 영향을 미쳤다. 셋째, 호기심이 사회자본에 긍정적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 넷째, 호기심은 긍정적인 심리적 자본에 중요한 영향을 미쳤다. 다섯째, 창업교육의 경험은 사회자본에 중요한 영향을 미쳤다. 여섯째, 창업교육의 경험은 긍정적인 심리자본에 중요한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 일곱째, 사회적 자본은 창업 의지에 적극적인 영향을 미쳤다. 여덟째, 긍정적인 심리적 자본은 창업 의지에 중요한 영향을 미쳤다.

키워드: 창업 의지, 도전 의지, 호기심, 창업 교육 경험, 기업가정신 교육, 사회 자본, 긍정적 심리학 자본
ABSTRACT
The Study on the Entrepreurial Intentions of Local Youth in Small and Medium
- Sized Cities: Focused on the Social Capital and Positive Psychological Capital -

Chang-Yong Choi
Advisor : Prof. Kyung-Hee Joo, Ph.D.
Department of Convergence Technology start-up major,
Graduate School of Industrial Technology Convergence,
Chosun University

The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of young people in small cities on social capital, curiosity, and experience in start-up education on positive and positive psychological capital, and to further investigate how social capital and positive psychological capital affect the intention of starting a business. The results of the research verification are as follows.
First, a sense of challenge had a positive effect on social capital. Second, the sense of challenge had a significant impact on positive psychological capital. Third, curiosity was shown to have a positive effect on social capital. Fourth, curiosity had an important effect on positive psychological capital. Fifth, the experience of start-up education had an important impact on social capital. Sixth, the experience of start-up education has been shown to have an important influence on positive psychological capital. Seventh, social capital had an active influence on the willingness to start a business. Eighth, positive psychological capital had an important impact on the willingness to start a business.

Keywords: will to start a business, will to challenge, curiosity, experience in start-up education, entrepreneurship education, social capital, positive psychology capital.
Alternative Title
The Study on the Entrepreurial Intentions of Local Youth in Small and Medium
Alternative Author(s)
choi chang yong
Affiliation
조선대학교 산업기술융합대학원 융복합기술창업학과
Department
산업기술융합대학원 융복합기술창업학과
Advisor
주경희
Awarded Date
2020. 2
Table Of Contents
목 차


Ⅰ. 서론··················································································1
1. 연구배경·········································································1
2. 연구목적··········································································2

Ⅱ. 이론적 배경·····································································3
1. 사회적자본······································································3
1) 사회적자본의 개념························································3
2) 사회적자본의 요소························································4
(1) 신뢰········································································4
(2) 규범········································································5
(3) 네트워크··································································5
2. 긍정심리자본·····································································6
1) 긍정심리자본의 개념························································6
2) 긍정심리자본 요소····························································7
(1) 자기 효능감······························································7
(2) 낙관주의···································································8
(3) 복원력······································································9
(4) 희망·······································································10
3. 창업자의 심리적 특성·······················································10
1) 도전의식··········································································10
2) 호기심·············································································11
4. 창업교육 경험···································································12
1) 창업교육··········································································12
2) 기업가정신 교육·······························································13
5. 창업의지···········································································14
1) 창업의지의 개념····························································14
2) 창업의지의 요인····························································16
(1) 개인적 특성 요인····················································16
(2) 사회 환경적 요인····················································18

Ⅲ. 연구 가설설정··································································22
1. 도전의식이 사회적/긍정심리적 자본에 미치는 영향········22
2. 호기심이 사회적/긍정심리적 자본에 미치는 영향···········23
3. 창업교육경험이 사회적/긍정심리적 자본의 영향·············24
4. 사회적/긍정심리적 자본이 창업의지에 미치는 영향········26

Ⅳ. 연구방법············································································29
1. 표본 설계와 자료수집······················································29
2. 변수측정··········································································31
3. 변수의 신뢰도 분석·························································34

Ⅴ. 가설 검정 결과·······························································36
1. 연구가설의 검정결과·······················································36
1) 도전의식, 호기심, 창업교육 경험->사회적 자본(H1, H3, H5, 검증)··············································································36
2) 도전의식, 호기심, 창업교육 경험->긍정심리적 자본(H2, H4, H6,검증)·······································································36
3) 사회적 자본, 긍정심리자본->창업의지(H7, H8 검증)········37

Ⅵ. 결론··················································································38
1. 연구결과와 시사점·························································38
2. 연구의 한계점 및 향후 연구·········································39

【참고문헌】··········································································40

부록(설문지)········································································64
Degree
Master
Publisher
조선대학교 산업기술융합대학원
Citation
최창용. (2020). 중소도시 청년들의 창업의지에 관한 연구
Type
Dissertation
URI
https://oak.chosun.ac.kr/handle/2020.oak/2033
http://chosun.dcollection.net/common/orgView/200000285458
Appears in Collections:
Engineering > Theses(Master)(산업기술창업대학원)
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