SPME-GC/MS Analysis of Methanol in Biospecimen by Derivatization with Pyran Compound

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Lee, Joon-Bae Jeong, Yong-Ae Ahn, Dae-Jun Bang, Iel-Soo
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methanol derivatization solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography/mass spectrometry
Methanol is metabolized in the body to highly toxic formaldehyde and formate when consumed accidentally. Methanol has been typically analyzed with gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID). However, its retention time may overlap with other volatile compounds and lead to confusion. Alternative analysis of methanol using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) also has limitations due to its similar molecular weight with oxygen and low boiling point. In this study, methanol and internal standard of deuterium-substituted ethanol were derivatized with 3,4-dihydro-2H-pyran under acid catalysis using concentrated hydrochloric acid. The reaction products including 2-methoxytetrahydropyran were extracted with solid-phase microextraction followed by GC/MS analysis. This method was successfully applied to measure the lethal concentration of methanol in the blood of a victim with a standard addition method to overcome the complex matrix effect of the biospecimen. Identification of the metabolite formate by ion chromatography confirmed the death cause to be methanol poisoning. This new method was a much more convenient and reliable process to measure methanol in complex matrix samples by reducing sample pretreatment effort and cost.
Alternative Author(s)
이준배 정영애 안대준 방일수
Dept. of Dentistry
Lee, Joon-Bae. (2019-12). SPME-GC/MS Analysis of Methanol in Biospecimen by Derivatization with Pyran Compound. Molecules, 25(1), 10.3390/molecules25010041
Journal paper
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Dept. of Dentistry > Bang, Iel-Soo
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