중·미 관계가 한국안보에 미치는 영향

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The main purpose of this research is to explain globalization and revolution of information have an effect on changes of Chinese politics and economy. If the most important external factor of stipulation of the changing of China is an innovation of anti-socialism market, globalization and revolution of information are internal factor. If an innovation of anti-socialism market is the factor of intention to change of political system by inside of China it self, globalization and revolution of information are environmental factor from outside of China. And these two factors have a reciprocal action that leads the development of Chinese society.
To put these changes in China concretely, First of all, there are several questions to understand Chinese society which has been steadily carried out various projects to innovation for last 20 years. First question is about the possibility of development of Chinese economic through the market reformation. Second question is about the possibility of variation from socialism to democratism. The answers of these two questions cannot be made alone because China needs both changing establishment and introducing globalization and information system for stabilizing its economy growth. Of course, it is hard to say that Chinese economy and politics have been developing at the same time because a strong government has been leading its economic growth until now. However, experiences of many east asian countries tell that a strong government rule works well for beginning of developing country but prolonged this government rule causes a panic of social order and distorted the economic system after all. Therefore, democratization is a result of innovation and economic growth and also it is a precondition to guarantee innovation and economic growth for a long time.
On the other hand, there are some opinions to world society about 'the advent of China' from the successful growth of economy and innovation. One of these opinions is about the potentiality of China which could make China to be the leading power of Asia. And after all, China would be a only country which can menace to United State. Many scholars thinks that the winner from the competition between these two countries would be going to lead the world order. So, United States and China hold each other in check. United States brings on some problems of China like human right problem, disagreement between China and Taiwan for pressing China and China thinks United States intervene in the internal affairs of China and protests about this pressures. This feud between these two countries is just like the two sides of a coin. In other word, competition of supremacy of the world is caused by a disagreement of structure of each country.
It is really excited to see China in future from now on which goes with tide of glovalization and revolution of information. Also, what the future developments of relationship between China and United States is also an exciting topic which we can think. In other words, Chinese open economy policy for its innovation leads High growth of economy and has an effect on Chinese political system as an anti-socialism and competition of supremacy of the world by 'the advent of China'. Therefore, what kind of influence Globalization and revolution of information which consider to have an effect on various fields like politics, economy, culture, and diplomacy of each countries to Chinese economic growth, a change of Chinese politic system, and foreign relation is very important subject as an understanding foreign relation.
This research is different from other researches in some following reasons.
First, most researches about the globalization are insufficient to explain how globalization changes each countries specifically because those considered to analyze macroscopically only. Also, some researches about instances of some individual countries are mostly attached cases of their countries only. Therefore, this research analyzes both internal and external problems of the individual countries at once to complement other existing researches.
Second, many existing researches about following the change and state of China are mostly considered internal factor like open-policy for innovation. However, this research shows that the factor which effects Chinese external and internal development is something from outside of individual countries. Because if innovation of China gets more deeply development, the system of China would go close to capitalistic economy and it makes an influence of the factor from external environment to Chinese society more important.
Third of all, many existing researches considered security and military of China and United States. However, disagreement between both countries was made by many factors. Therefore, this research considers both of them at once. Now, China took the way of anti-socialism and there is almost no possibility to change back to socialism. That means the change of Chinese economic structure is more clearness than before. Therefore, how long China can maintain High economy growth would be the key point.
China recorded 9% of economy growth, top seven of the world which has more total amount of economy, and top two right after United States in a field of PPP in last 20 years and these explain the result of innovation of China as well.
If economy growth and a change of politics are internal problems of China, the Meaning of 'the advent of China' is also very important problem. Because of the advent of China, United States which is leading the world order since the Cold War was ended is aware of the advent of China as a challenger to them. Generally speaking, there are two different points of view to be aware of China. The first point of view is that China in the end will be splitted by some reasons like an economy crisis from the failure of innovation or a struggle for supremacy in the central government of China. The other point is that China will be menace to countries near it through the successful economic growth. The first one was brought up early 1990's because of insecure society and many social problems which were caused in China and the second one was brought up after the middle of 1990's by western forces which worried over the continuous development of China even China had many social problems.
So, These two points of view include overestimation and underestimation, an external appearance of growth and internal crack of structure, and international relationship and internal social problems about China. However, scholars think that the advent of China in a future will be a menace to the United States in the international relationship and the struggling for the supremacy of the world between China and United States will effect to be formed the world order in the future whichever they take one of the point of view they see.
Especially, according to the valuation of actualism political scientists, China is the only country which has an ability and intention to be menace to United States. For example, an increace in the national defence budget continuously since 1989, the missile menace to Taiwan when the presidential election of Taiwan was going on the Spring in 1996, and the strong stand-point to the troubles in Nan-sa island(南沙群島) and Cho-eo island(釣魚島) are the cases to show that an attitude of China in the international relationship is never appeased to any countries. United States also puts pressure on China through a question of personal right, a trade friction, a trouble with Taiwan, and importation of arms and China makes a strong protest to United States' and says all the pressures that United States put to China are a interference in the domestic affairs, hegemonism, gement of sovereignty and power politics. For example, China considered that the new U.S.-Japan security treaty, concluded in 1996 when Bill Clinton was the president of United States, was construed as a containment on the Chinese government because this treaty was regarded that United States wants to support the back-up forces in Japan to containment China and the piller of China, Tak-min Kang(江澤民), indicated his intention of antihegemony to United States while he visited Russia in April 1997 and planed the countermeasure which was allied with Russia against United States and Japan. Besides that, many strifes between China and United States like miss-explosion in the Chinese embassy in Yugo, a forced landing of US reconnais-sance plane, and a collision between Chinese and US fighter shows discord between these two countries as well. And recently these conflicts and competition for supremacy are showed up more with the administration of the president Bush which is uncompromising to China. Even though both countries are cooperating each other little by little after the 9.11 terror , it is hard to say that the relationship between China and United States would be better in the future fundamentally. In addition, an influence of the globalization and information wave which got into after the joining WTO is the factor of external pressure to change the establishment of China fastly. Also, by considering this pressure which is a strategist of United States which wants to overthrow the Chinese administration, disagreement of China and United States would possibly get more deeply involved. Commonly, the globalization makes a denial of diversity and peculiarity but forces uniformity and universality so it will expect to make conflicts of the relationship of many countries. Therefore, the globalization is regarded to cause a confrontation between universalism and peculiarism, and between cosmopolitanism and nationalism. Therefore, the golbalization seems that it is a inverse proportion relationship to sovereignty of nation. However, China shows the strong nationalism and inclination of extensibility to abroad.
In a way, there lies a collision between the Western values and the Chinese logic in the US-China conflict mentioned above, and therefore, one cannot ignore that the advent of China revives the true means of Chinese civilization. Also, the Chinese prefer to think that the globalization is a product made by the intentions of certain American allied nations, and many principles and values are becoming more and more Americanized. Therefore, these differences in understanings will be the cause of the principal conflict between the two nations.
First of all, the Chinese socialism itself can be recognized as a critical challenge against the American construction of world order, whether or not the Chinese intented it. In another words, the US-China conflict has its base on the denial and the disapproval of the national difference. For example, the dispute over human rights between the two nations shows clearly their different points of view on national values. China sees America's ideology, economy market, and the worldwide spread of democracy as a plot of the peaceful evolution in order to overthrow China's socialism. That's why emerging China, a country which opposes strongly on America's keeping of world order and also maintains socialism, is becoming a big burden on U.S.
Also the Chinese nationalism, which is rising up to replace the rather weakening socialism, tends to take on the character of resistance and defiance against the Western-based principles, and therefore the collision of the different civilizations may be inevitable as Huntington once mentioned.
Until when will China keep its great economy growth? What will be the outcome due the change in the political system? And will the advent of China intensify the supremacy battle between the two countries?
It is very difficult to answer these questions in a word or two. For not only that these various factors can effect the situation in very complex ways, but how China reacts and takes action can change a whole lot.
Alternative Title
A Study of the China-US relationship and the Impact It's on the Korean National Security
Alternative Author(s)
Chung, Yeon­-woo
조선대학교 정책대학원
경영대학원 경영지도학과
Awarded Date
2006. 2
Table Of Contents
제 1 장 서론 = 1
제 1 절 연구 목적 = 1
제 2 절 연구 범위와 방법 = 5
제 2 장 중·미 관계의 주요관계 = 10
제 1 절 역사적 측면 = 10
제 2 절 정치적 측면 = 13
제 3 절 경제적 측면 = 14
제 3 장 중·미국의 상호정책 비교 = 17
제 1 절 중국의 대 미국정책 = 18
제 2 절 미국의 대 중국정책 = 25
제 3 절 중국과 미국의 상호정책의 특징 = 34
제 4 장 중국의 군비증강에 따른 미국과의 관계 = 39
제 1 절 중국의 경제발전과 군비증강계획 = 39
제 2 절 중국의 군사전략 변화본질 = 46
제 3 절 중국의 군비증강이 미국에 미치는 영향 = 48
제 4 절 탈냉전기 중·미관계의 변화와 해석 = 50
제 5 절 군비증강에 대한 중·미관계의 해석 = 54
제 5 장 변화하는 중·미관계가 한국안보에 미치는 영향 = 59
제 1 절 부정적 측면 = 59-
제 2 절 부정적 측면 = 61
제 3 절 중국과 미국이 한국안보정책에 영향 = 67
제 4 절 중국과 미국관계가 한반도 안보정책의 정책적 함의 = 73
제 6 장 결론 = 75
참고문헌 = 80
조선대학교 정책대학원
정연우. (2006). 중·미 관계가 한국안보에 미치는 영향
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